the U.S. Constitution governing voting practices and procedures:
XII Manner of Choosing President and Vice-president
XV Race no bar to voting rights
XVII United States Senators to be elected by direct popular
XIX Giving nationwide suffrage to women
XXIII Presidential vote for District of Columbia
XXIV Barring poll tax in federal elections
XXVI Lowering voting age to 18
on Presidential Debates: A bi-partisan commission (a commission
with members from both the Democratic and Republican parties) that
has sponsored presidential debates since the League of Women Voters
withdrew its sponsorship in 1988. See www.debates.org.
subcommittee: A subcommittee of the Senate Commerce Committee that
creates legislation governing U.S. broadcasting. Republican Senator
Conrad Burns, Montana, is currently the subcommittee chairman.
of the subcommittee includes:
- Federal Communications
for Public Broadcasting
CPB - Corporation
for Public Broadcasting: A group of government-funded broadcasting
organizations, including PBS and National Public Radio, which were
established under the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 to enhance
non-commercial television programming. See www.cpb.org.
College: (Essay courtesy of the Federal Election Commision).
Federal Communications Commission: The Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) is an independent United States government agency,
directly responsible to Congress. The FCC was established by the
Communications Act of 1934 and is charged with regulating interstate
and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite
and cable. The FCC's jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District
of Columbia, and U.S. possessions. See www.fcc.gov.
FEC - Federal
Election Commission: In 1975, Congress created the Federal Election
Commission (FEC) to administer and enforce the Federal Election
Campaign Act (FECA) - the statute that governs the financing of
federal elections. The duties of the FEC, which is an independent
regulatory agency, are to disclose campaign finance information,
to enforce the provisions of the law such as the limits and prohibitions
on contributions, and to oversee the public funding of presidential
Women Voters According to their mission statement, "The
League of Women Voters, a nonpartisan political organization, encourages
the informed and active participation of citizens in government,
works to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and
influences public policy through education and advocacy." The
LWV was founded in 1920, the same year in which women gained the
right to vote. The LWV sponsored the presidential debates of 1976,
1980, and 1984.
Democracy: A democratic system of government that relies on
the informed participation of its citizens to function effectively.
The United States is considered a model of participatory democracy
because U.S. citizens elect their legislative and executive leaders.
Theoretically, participatory democracy best works when citizens
are well informed about the issues, the candidates, and the electoral
"Equal time" section of the Federal Communications
Act of 1934 that guarantees free and equal broadcast time to opposing
political candidates when such time is made available to a single
candidate. See interview with Newton
"Free speech" section of the Federal Communications Act
of 1934 that prohibits censorship by the FCC.